The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah




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As we enter the first 10 days of this blessed month, our hearts and prayers are with those undertaking the holy pilgrimage of Hajj during these days. While many of us are unable to make the blessed journey this year, there are still many ways for us to reap the blessings of this month.

The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are often referred to as the best ten days of the year. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There are no days on which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” [Bukhari]

  1. Read the Quran: Reading the Qur’an is a good deed and Allah (swt) especially loves the good deeds done in these days. Read as much as you can, even if it is a few verses each day.
  2. Increase in Nawaafil Prayers: There are a number of extra prayers you can observe during the day to increase your worship and good deeds.
  3. Make lots of dhikr: Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, thanthese ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.” [Ahmad]:Tahmeed: Al-hamdu Lillah (All praises be to God)Tahleel: Laa ilaha ill-Allah (There is no god but Allah)Tasbeeh: Subhaan-Allah (Glory be to God)
  4. Istighfaar: Use these blessed days to seek forgiveness for all our wrongdoings.
  5. Fasting: It is Sunnah for the Muslim to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, because fasting is one of the best of deeds. In a hadith qudsi, Allah says: “All the deedsof the son of Adam are for him, except fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward for it.” [Bukhari, 1805]The Prophet said: “Fasting the day of `Arafah expiates the sins of two years: the past one and the coming one.” [Muslim]
  6. Give in charity: Give in charity in these blessed days, as much as you can.
  7. Preserve ties of kinship: Maintaining the ties of kinship is from the best of deeds due to the saying The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “Whoever would like his provisionto be increased and his lifespan to be extended, let him maintain the ties of kinship.” [Bukhari]And finally as Eid approaches, don’t forget to give your Qurbani.
  1. Allah has taken oath of ten nights in Sūrah Al-Fajr. According to the majority of the commentators of Qur’ān, the nights are those of the (first) ten days of Dhul Hijjah.
  2. Abū Hurayrah radiyallāhu ‘anhu related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “On no days is the worship of Allāh desired more than in the (first) ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul Qadr.” (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)
  3. The mother of the believers, Hafsah radiyallāhu ‘anhā reports that Rasūlullāh sallalahu alayhi wasallam used to fast the (first) nine days of Dhul Hijjah. (Nasā’ee, Ahmad, Aboo Dāwood)
  • ‘Abdullah Ibne ‘Umar radiyallāhu anhu related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “No days are as weighty with Allāh and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read Subhānallah, Lā ilāha illallāh, Alhamdulillāh and Allāhu Akbar.” (Musnad Ahmad)
      1. ‘Ā’ishah radiyallāhu anhā reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “There is no day in which Allāh sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of ‘Arafah. And on that day Allāh draws near to the Earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?’” (Muslim)
      2. Talhah radiyallāhu ‘anhu reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr, there is no day on which the Shaytān is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated than on the day of ‘Arafah, and indeed all this is only because of beholding the abundance of descending mercy (on the day) and Allāh’s forgiveness of the great sins of the servants.” (Mishkāt)
      3. Abū Qatādah Al-Ansārī radiyallāhu ‘anhu narrated that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam was asked about the fast on the day of ‘Arafah. He said, “It compensates for the (minor) sins of the past and the coming year.” (Muslim, At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

The nights of both ‘Īd are described in the Hadīth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Īd and perform ‘ibādah is a source of great virtue and reward.

      1. Abū Umārah radiyallāhu ‘anhu related that ‘Ā’ishah radiyallāhu anhā reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “Whosoever stays awake and performs ‘ibādah (worship) on the nights of the two ‘Īd, with hope for abundant reward (from Allāh), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyāmah) when all hearts will be dead.” (At-Targhīb)
      2. Mu’ādh ibn Jabal radiyallāhu ‘anhu relates that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “Jannah is wājib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ‘ibādah on the following nights: 8th, 9th and 10th of Dhul Hijjah, the night of ‘Id-ul-Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’bān.” (At-Targhīb)

Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said, “There is nothing dearer to Allāh during the days of Qurbānī than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allāh before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

The Takbīrāt of Tashrīq are:

Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Lā ilāha illallāhu wallāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Walil-lāhil-hamd.

“Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest. There is no deity besides Allāh and Allāh is the Greatest. Allāh is the Greatest and all praises are for Allāh only.”

It is wājib for every adult Muslim to recite these Takbirāt of Tashrīq audibly once after every fard salāh which is performed with jamā’ah (congregation) from the Fajr of 9th Dhul Hijjah to the ‘Asr of 13th Dhul Hijjah (i.e. total of 23 salāh).

Mas’alah: Women should not say it loudly but softly.

Mas’alah: Takbīr should be recited immediately after concluding the fard prayer.